King William I of Scotland (c1143-1214) Seal
William the Lion, sometimes styled William I, reigned as King of the Scots from 1165 to 1214. He had the second-longest reign in Scottish history before the Act of Union with England in 1707. James VI (reigned 1567–1625) would have the longest. He became king following his brother Malcolm IV’s death on 9 December 1165 and was crowned on 24 December 1165. In contrast to his deeply religious, frail brother, William was powerfully built, redheaded, and headstrong. He was an effective monarch whose reign was marred by his ill-fated attempts to regain control of Northumbria from the Normans. Traditionally, William is credited with founding Arbroath Abbey, the site of the later Declaration of Arbroath in 1320.
Drawn and engraved for ‘Iconographia Scotica or Portraits of Illustrious Persons of Scotland’ by John Pinkerton. Published in London, 1797.
Image size 77 x 79 mm