Sir John Leslie (1766–1832) Scottish Mathematician and Phycisist
Sir John Leslie (1766–1832) was a Scottish mathematician and physicist best remembered for his research into heat. Leslie gave the first modern account of capillary action in 1802 and froze water using an air-pump in 1810, the first artificial production of ice. In 1804, he experimented with radiant heat using a cubical vessel filled with boiling water. One side of the cube is composed of highly polished metal, two of dull metal (copper) and one side painted black. He showed that radiation was greatest from the black side and negligible from the polished side. The apparatus is known as a Leslie cube.
Engraved by John Johnstone after the portrait by B. W. Crombie for ‘Lives of Illustrious and Distinguished’ by Robert Chambers, 1834. Published by Blackie & Son, Glasgow.
Image size approx. 99 x 103 mm